Izixhobo ezitsha zoMlo we-Electronic: Imisebenzi emininzi kunye ne-Mission-Adaptive Sensors

I-Joint All-Domain Command and Control (JADC2) idla ngokuchazwa njengento ekhubekisayo: i-OODA loop, i-chain chain, kunye ne-sensor-to-effector.Ukhuseleko luyingxenye ye-"C2" ye-JADC2, kodwa akusiyo into efike kuqala engqondweni.
Ukusebenzisa isifaniso sebhola, i-quarterback ifumana ingqwalasela, kodwa iqela elineyona ndlela yokukhusela - nokuba iqhuba okanye iyadlula - idla ngokuyenza ibe yintshatsheli.
I-Large Aircraft Countermeasures System (LAIRCM) yenye yeenkqubo ze-IRCM ze-Northrop Grumman kwaye ibonelela ngokhuseleko kwimijukujelwa ekhokelwa nge-infrared.Ifakwe kwiimodeli ezingaphezu kwama-80.Kuboniswe ngasentla kufakelo lwe-CH-53E.Ifoto ngoncedo lwe-Northrop Grumman.
Kwilizwe lemfazwe ye-elektroniki (EW), i-electromagnetic spectrum ijongwa njengebala lokudlala, kunye namaqhinga anjengokujolisa kunye nokukhohlisa ukona kunye nezinto ezibizwa ngokuba ngamanyathelo okuzikhusela.
Umkhosi usebenzisa i-electromagnetic spectrum (ibalulekile kodwa ingabonakali) ukubona, ukukhohlisa kunye nokuphazamisa iintshaba ngelixa ukhusela amandla anobubele.
"Okwenzekileyo kule minyaka imbalwa idlulileyo kukunyuka okukhulu kwamandla okusebenza," uchaze uBrent Toland, usekela mongameli kunye nomphathi jikelele weNorthrop Grumman Mission Systems 'Navigation, Targeting and Survivability Division. i-bandwidth ebanzi kwaye ebanzi kwangoko, evumela ukusetyenzwa ngokukhawuleza kunye namandla okuqonda aphezulu.Kwakhona, kwimeko-bume ye-JADC2, oku kwenza ukuba izisombululo zobuthunywa zisasazwe zisebenze ngakumbi kwaye zomelele ngakumbi. ”
I-CEESIM kaNorthrop Grumman ngokuthembeka ilinganisa iimeko zemfazwe yokwenyani, ibonelela ngamaza kanomathotholo (RF) ukulinganisa oomatshini bosasazo abaninzi ngaxeshanye abaqhagamshelwe kumaqonga amileyo/aguquguqukayo. izixhobo zombane zemfazwe.Ifoto ngoncedo lwe-Northrop Grumman.
Ekubeni ukuqhutyelwa kwayo yonke into yedijithali, isignali inokulungiswa ngexesha langempela kwisantya somatshini.Ngokubhekiselele ekujoliseni, oku kuthetha ukuba izibonakaliso ze-radar zinokutshintshwa ukuze kube nzima ukuzibona.Ngokwemiqathango yokuchasana, iimpendulo nazo zinokulungiswa. idilesi engcono izoyikiso.
Inyaniso entsha yemfazwe yombane kukuba amandla amakhulu okusebenza enza ukuba indawo yedabi ibe namandla ngakumbi.Ngokomzekelo, iUnited States kunye neentshaba zayo baphuhlisa iingqiqo zokusebenza kwenani elikhulayo leenkqubo zemoyeni ezingalawulwayo ezinobunkunkqele bemfazwe yombane. amanyathelo okuchasa kufuneka aqhubele phambili ngokulinganayo kwaye aguquke.
“Iimbuku ziqhele ukwenza uhlobo oluthile lwemishini yoluvo, njengemfazwe ye-elektroniki,” utshilo uToland.” Xa unezivamvo ezininzi ezibhabha kumaqonga omoya ahlukeneyo okanye amaqonga asemajukujukwini, ukwindawo apho kufuneka uzikhusele ekubhaqweni. iijiyometri ezininzi.
“Ayisiyonto yokhuselo lomoya kuphela.Unezoyikiso ezinokubakho macala onke ngoku.Ukuba bayanxibelelana, impendulo ikwadinga ukuthembela kumaqonga amaninzi ukunceda abaphathi bavavanye imeko kwaye babonelele ngezisombululo ezisebenzayo.
Iimeko ezinjalo zisembindini we-JADC2, ngokuhlaselayo nangokuzikhusela. inxalenye ye-RF countermeasure mission.Le inqanawa ezininzi, uqwalaselo olungabanjwanga lubonelela abalawuli ngeejiyometri ezininzi zokubona nokuzikhusela, xa kuthelekiswa naxa zonke iinzwari zikwiqonga elinye.
“Kwindawo yokusebenzela yoMkhosi esebenza ngeendlela ezininzi, unokubona ngokulula ukuba kufuneka babe kufutshane nabo ukuze baqonde izoyikiso abaza kujongana nazo,” utshilo uToland.
Oku kukwazi ukwenza imisebenzi emininzi kunye nolawulo lwe-electromagnetic spectrum ukuba uMkhosi, uMkhosi weNavy, kunye noMkhosi woMoya zonke ziyimfuneko.Oku kufuna ukuba i-sensor ye-bandwidth ebanzi kunye nobuchule bokuqhubekela phambili obuphezulu bokulawula uluhlu olubanzi lwe-spectrum.
Ukwenza imisebenzi enjalo ye-multispectral, into ebizwa ngokuba yi-mission-adaptive sensors kufuneka isetyenziswe.I-Multispectral ibhekiselele kwi-spectrum ye-electromagnetic, equka uluhlu lwamaza okukhanya okubonakalayo, i-infrared radiation, kunye namaza erediyo.
Ngokomzekelo, ngokwembali, ukujoliswa kuye kwafezwa nge-radar kunye ne-electro-optical / infrared (EO / IR) iinkqubo.Ngoko ke, inkqubo ye-multispectral kwingqiqo ekujoliswe kuyo iya kuba yinto enokusebenzisa i-radar ye-broadband kunye neenzwa ezininzi ze-EO / IR, ezifana iikhamera zemibala yedijithali kunye neekhamera ze-infrared ezininzi.Inkqubo iya kukwazi ukuqokelela idatha eninzi ngokutshintshela emva naphambili phakathi kwee-sensor usebenzisa iindawo ezahlukeneyo ze-electromagnetic spectrum.
I-LITENING yi-electro-optical/infrared targeting pod ekwaziyo ukwenza umfanekiso kwimigama emide kunye nokwabelana ngokukhuselekileyo ngedatha nge-bi-directional plug-and-play data link.Ifoto ye-US Air National Guard Sgt.Bobby Reynolds.
Kwakhona, usebenzisa lo mzekelo ungasentla, i-multispectral ayithethi ukuba i-sensor enye ekujoliswe kuyo inamandla okudibanisa kuyo yonke imimandla ye-spectrum.Kunokuba, isebenzisa iinkqubo ezimbini okanye ngaphezulu ezihlukeneyo ngokwasemzimbeni, imvakalelo nganye kwindawo ethile ye-spectrum, kunye nedatha. kuluvo ngalunye ludityaniswe kunye ukuvelisa umfanekiso ochanekileyo wethagethi.
“Ngokuphathelele ukusinda, ngokucacileyo uzama ukuba ungabhaqwa okanye ungajoliswanga.Sinembali ende yokubonelela ngokuphila kwiindawo ze-infrared kunye nerediyo ye-spectrum kwaye sineendlela zokuchasana ezisebenzayo zazo zombini. "
“Ufuna ukwazi ukubona ukuba ufunyenwe ngumchasi kuyo nayiphi na indawo yespectrum kwaye ukwazi ukubonelela ngetekhnoloji efanelekileyo yokuhlasela njengoko kufuneka – nokuba yiRF okanye yi-IR.I-Multispectral iba namandla apha kuba uthembele kokubini kwaye ungakhetha ukuba yeyiphi icandelo le-spectrum oza kuyisebenzisa, kunye nobuchule obufanelekileyo bokujongana nohlaselo.Uvavanya ulwazi kuzo zombini izinzwa kwaye ujonga ukuba yeyiphi eyona inokukhusela kule meko. ”
I-Artificial Intelligence (AI) idlala indima ebalulekileyo ekuxubeni nasekuqhubeni idatha evela kwi-sensors ezimbini okanye ngaphezulu kwi-multispectral operations.AI inceda ukucokisa kunye nokwahlula imiqondiso, ukukhupha izibonakaliso zomdla, kunye nokubonelela ngeengcebiso ezisebenzayo malunga neyona ndlela ilungileyo yokwenza.
I-AN/APR-39E(V)2 linyathelo elilandelayo kwi-evolution ye-AN/APR-39, isamkeli sesilumkiso se-radar kunye ne-electronic warfare suite eye yakhusela iinqwelomoya iminyaka engamashumi eminyaka. uluhlu, ngoko ke akukho ndawo inokuzimela kuyo kwi-spectrum.Ifoto ngoncedo lwe-Northrop Grumman.
Kwindawo esondeleyo yosongelo loontanga, abenzi boluvo kunye neempembelelo ziya kwanda, kunye nezisongelo ezininzi kunye nemiqondiso evela e-US kunye nemikhosi yomanyano.Okwangoku, izisongelo ze-EW ezaziwayo zigcinwe kwindawo yogcino lwedatha yeefayile zedatha yemishini enokuchonga isiginesha yabo.Xa isongelo se-EW ichongiwe, uvimba weenkcukacha ukhangelwa ngesantya somatshini ukulungiselela loo msayino othile.Xa ireferensi egciniweyo ifunyenwe, iindlela ezifanelekileyo zokuthintela ziya kusetyenziswa.
Yintoni eqinisekileyo, nangona kunjalo, kukuba i-United States iya kujongana nohlaselo lwemfazwe ye-elektroniki engazange ibonwe ngaphambili (efana nokuhlaselwa kwe-zero-day kwi-cybersecurity) .Kulapho i-AI iya kungena khona.
"Kwixesha elizayo, njengoko izisongelo ziba namandla kwaye zitshintsha, kwaye azikwazi ukuphinda zihlelwe, i-AI iya kuba luncedo kakhulu ekuchongeni izisongelo ezinokuthi iifayile zakho zedatha ye-mission azikwazi," kusho uToland.
Ii-Sensors zemfazwe ye-multispectral kunye nemishini yokulungelelanisa yimpendulo kwihlabathi eliguqukayo apho abachasi abanokuthi babe nezakhono eziphambili ezaziwayo kwiimfazwe ze-elektroniki kunye ne-cyber.
"Ihlabathi litshintsha ngokukhawuleza, kwaye indlela yethu yokuzikhusela iguqukela kubalingane abasondeleyo, iphakamisa ukungxamiseka kokwamkelwa kwethu kwezi nkqubo zintsha ze-multispectral ukubandakanya iinkqubo kunye nemiphumo esasazwayo," utshilo uToland. .”
Ukuhlala uphambili kweli xesha kufuna ukusasazwa kwezakhono zesizukulwana esilandelayo kunye nokwandiswa kwekamva lemfazwe yombane.Ubuchule bukaNorthrop Grumman kwimfazwe yombane, i-cyber kunye ne-electromagnetic maneuver warfare igubungela yonke imimandla - umhlaba, ulwandle, umoya, isithuba, i-cyberspace kunye ne-electromagnetic spectrum. Iinkqubo ezininzi zenkampani, ezisebenza ngeendlela ezininzi zibonelela abalweli bemfazwe ngeenzuzo kuzo zonke iindawo kwaye zivumela izigqibo ezikhawulezayo, ezinolwazi ngakumbi kwaye ekugqibeleni nempumelelo yobuthunywa.


Ixesha lokuposa: May-07-2022
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