UPhuculo lweLoRa!Ngaba iyakuxhasa uNxibelelwano lweSatellite, Zeziphi iiNkqubo eziNtsha eziya Kuvulwa?

Umhleli: Ulink Media

Kwisiqingatha sesibini sonyaka ka-2021, i-SpaceLacuna yase-Bhritane yaqalisa ukusebenzisa iteleskopu yerediyo e-Dwingeloo, e-Netherlands, ukubonisa i-LoRa ebuya enyangeni.Ngokuqinisekileyo olu yayiluvavanyo oluchukumisayo malunga nomgangatho wokubanjwa kwedatha, njengoko omnye wemiyalezo wawuqulathe isakhelo esipheleleyo seLoRaWAN®.

N1

Isantya seLacuna sisebenzisa iseti yeesathelayithi ze-orbit ye-Earth ephantsi ukufumana ulwazi oluvela kwi-sensors ezidityaniswe nezixhobo ze-LoRa ze-Semtech kunye ne-teknoloji ye-radio frequency frequency.Isathelayithi indanda phezu kweepali zomhlaba rhoqo ngemizuzu eli-100 kumphakamo wama-500 eekhilomitha.Njengoko umhlaba ujikeleza, iisathelayithi zigubungela umhlaba.I-LoRaWAN isetyenziswa ngamasathelayithi, agcina ubomi bebhetri, kwaye imiyalezo igcinwa ixesha elifutshane de idlule kwinethiwekhi yezikhululo zomhlaba.Idatha ke idluliselwe kwisicelo kwinethiwekhi yomhlaba okanye inokujongwa kwisicelo esisekwe kwiWebhu.

Ngeli xesha, isignali ye-LoRa ethunyelwe nge-lacuna Speed ​​yahlala kwi-2.44 imizuzwana kwaye yamkelwa yi-chip efanayo, kunye nomgama wokusasaza malunga neekhilomitha ze-730,360, ezinokuthi zibe ngumgama omde wokuhanjiswa komyalezo we-LoRa ukuza kuthi ga ngoku.

Xa kufikwa kunxibelelwano lwesathelayithi olusekwe kubuchwephesha be-LoRa, isiganeko esibalulekileyo saphunyezwa kwinkomfa ye-TTN(TheThings Network) ngoFebruwari 2018, ebonisa ukuba kunokwenzeka ukuba i-LoRa isetyenziswe kwi-Intanethi yezinto zesathelayithi.Ngexesha lomboniso ophilayo, umamkeli uthathe imiqondiso yeLoRa kwisathelayithi ejikelezayo ephantsi.

Namhlanje, ukusebenzisa itekhnoloji ye-IoT yamandla aphantsi ekhoyo yoluhlu olude olunje nge-LoRa okanye i-NB-IoT ukubonelela ngonxibelelwano oluthe ngqo phakathi kwezixhobo ze-IoT kunye neesathelayithi ezikwi-orbit kwihlabathi liphela zinokuthathwa njengenxalenye yemarike ye-WAN yamandla aphantsi.Ezi teknoloji zisicelo esinomdla de ixabiso labo lezorhwebo lamkelwe ngokubanzi.

I-Semtech iqalise i-LR-FHSS ukuze igcwalise iGap yeMarike kuQhagamshelwano lwe-IoT

I-Semtech ibisebenza kwi-LR-FHSS kule minyaka imbalwa idlulileyo kwaye ibhengeze ngokusemthethweni ukongezwa kwenkxaso ye-LR-FHSS kwiqonga le-LoRa ngasekupheleni kuka-2021.

I-LR-FHSS ibizwa ngokuba yiLongRange – iFrequency Hopping SpreadSpectrum.NjengoLoRa, yitekhnoloji yokumodareyitha itekhnoloji enobuninzi bokusebenza okufanayo njengeLoRa, njengobuntununtunu, inkxaso yebhanwidth, njl.

I-LR-FHSS ngokwethiyori iyakwazi ukuxhasa izigidi zeendawo eziphelayo, nto leyo eyandisa kakhulu umthamo wothungelwano kwaye isombulule ingxaki yokuxinana kwesiteshi ebikade inciphisa ukukhula kwe-LoRaWAN.Ukongeza, i-LR-FHSS ine-anti-interference ephezulu, inciphisa ukungqubana kwepakethe ngokuphucula ukusebenza kakuhle kwe-spectral, kwaye inamandla okumodareyitha amatyeli e-uplink.

Ngokudityaniswa kwe-LR-FHSS, i-LoRa ifanelekile ngakumbi kwizicelo ezineetheminali ezixineneyo kunye neepakethi ezinkulu zedatha.Ke ngoko, inkqubo yesathelayithi yeLoRa eneempawu ezidityanisiweyo ze-LR-FHSS zineengenelo ezininzi:

1. Inokufikelela ngokuphindwe kashumi komthamo wetheminali weLora network.

2. Umgama wothumelo mde, ukuya kuthi ga kwi-600-1600km;

3. Ukuchasa ukungenelela okunamandla;

4. Iindleko eziphantsi ziye zaphunyezwa, kubandakanywa iindleko zolawulo kunye nokuthunyelwa (akukho mfuneko yokongeza i-hardware ekufuneka iphuhliswe kwaye izakhono zayo zokunxibelelana ngesathelayithi zikhoyo).

I-Semtech ye-LoRaSX1261, ii-transceivers ze-SX1262 kunye ne-LoRaEdge TM iiplatifomu, kunye ne-V2.1 ye-design ye-reference reference, sele ixhaswa yi-lr-fhss.Ngoko ke, kwizicelo ezisebenzayo, ukuphuculwa kwesoftware kunye nokutshintshwa kwe-terminal ye-LoRa kunye nesango kunokuqala ukuphucula umthamo wenethiwekhi kunye nokukwazi ukuchasana nokuphazamiseka.Kwiinethiwekhi ze-LoRaWAN apho isango le-V2.1 lisetyenzisiwe, abaqhubi banokwenza umsebenzi omtsha ngokusebenzisa ukuphuculwa kwe-firmware elula yesango.

I-LR edibeneyo - FHSS
I-LoRa iyaqhubeka nokwandisa iPotfoliyo ye-App yayo

IBergInsight, iziko lophando lwe-Intanethi yeZinto, likhuphe ingxelo yophando ngesathelayithi iot.Idatha ibonise ukuba ngaphandle kwempembelelo embi ye-COVID-19, inani labasebenzisi besathelayithi yehlabathi lisakhule laya kutsho kwi-3.4 yezigidi ngo-2020. ngo-2025.

Ngoku, yi-10% kuphela yemimandla yehlabathi ekwaziyo ukufikelela kwiinkonzo zonxibelelwano ngesathelayithi, nto leyo ebonelela ngendawo yokuthengisa ebanzi yophuhliso lwesathelayithi iot kwakunye nethuba lesathelayithi iot yamandla aphantsi.

I-LR-FHSS iya kuqhuba nokusasazwa kwe-LoRa kwihlabathi jikelele.Ukongezwa kweNKXASO ye-LR-FHSS kwi-platform ye-LoRa ayiyi kunceda kuphela ukubonelela ngeendleko ezisebenzayo, ukudibanisa indawo yonke kwiindawo ezikude, kodwa kwakhona kuphawula inyathelo elibalulekileyo lokusasazwa kwe-iot kwiindawo ezixineneyo.Iya kukhuthaza ngakumbi ukusasazwa kweLoRa kwihlabathi kwaye yandise ngakumbi usetyenziso oluyilayo:

  • Inkxaso yeeNkonzo zeSatellite Iot

I-LR-FHSS yenza ukuba iisathelayithi ziqhagamshelane neendawo ezinkulu ezikude zehlabathi, zixhasa ukubekwa kunye neemfuno zokuhanjiswa kwedatha kwiindawo ngaphandle konxibelelwano lwenethiwekhi.Amatyala okusetyenziswa kwe-LoRa abandakanya ukulandelwa kwezilwanyana zasendle, ukufumana izikhongozeli kwiinqanawa elwandle, ukufumana imfuyo emadlelweni, izisombululo zezolimo ezikrelekrele zokuphucula izivuno zezityalo, kunye nokulandelelwa kwee-asethi zokusasazwa kwehlabathi ukuphucula ukusebenza kakuhle kwekhonkco lokubonelela.

  • Inkxaso yoTshintsho oluQhelekileyo lweDatha

Kwizicelo zangaphambili ze-LoRa, ezifana ne-logistics kunye nokulandelwa kwe-asethi, izakhiwo ezihlakaniphile kunye neepaki, amakhaya ahlakaniphile, kunye noluntu oluhlakaniphile, inani le-LoRa modulated semaphores emoyeni liya kwanda kakhulu ngenxa yemiqondiso emide kunye nokutshintshiselana rhoqo rhoqo kwezi zicelo.Ingxaki yokuxinana kwesiteshi esinesiphumo sophuhliso lwe-LoRaWAN nayo ingasonjululwa ngokuphucula iitheminali ze-LoRa kunye nokutshintsha amasango.

  • Yandisa ukuFumana ngobunzulu bangaphakathi

Ukongeza ekwandiseni umthamo wothungelwano, i-LR-FHSS yenza ukuba iindawo ezinzulu zokuphela kwangaphakathi ngaphakathi kweziseko zophuhliso zothungelwano ezifanayo, inyuse ubungakanani beeprojekthi ezinkulu ze-iot.I-LoRa, umzekelo, yitekhnoloji ekhethwayo kwimakethi yeemitha ezihlakaniphile zehlabathi, kwaye ukugqunywa kwangaphakathi okuphuculweyo kuya komeleza ngakumbi isikhundla sayo.

Abadlali abaninzi naBaninzi kwiSatellite ye-Intanethi yeZinto eziphantsi kwamandla

IiProjekthi zeSatellite ze-LoRa zaphesheya ziyaqhubeka nokuvela

UMcKinsey uqikelele ukuba i-iot esekwe kwindawo ingaxabisa i-560 yeebhiliyoni zeedola ukuya kwi-850 yeebhiliyoni zeedola ngo-2025, mhlawumbi sesona sizathu siphambili sokuba kutheni iinkampani ezininzi zileqa imarike.Okwangoku, phantse uninzi lwabavelisi bacebise izicwangciso zothungelwano lwesathelayithi iot.

Ngokwembono yemarike yaphesheya, i-satellite iot yindawo ebalulekileyo yokwenziwa kwezinto ezintsha kwimarike ye-iot.I-LoRa, njengenxalenye ye-Intanethi yeZinto yamandla asezantsi, ibone inani lezicelo kwiimarike zaphesheya:

Ngo-2019, i-Space Lacuna kunye ne-Miromico zaqala iimvavanyo zorhwebo zeprojekthi ye-LoRa Satellite iot, eyathi yasetyenziswa ngempumelelo kwezolimo, ukubeka iliso kokusingqongileyo okanye ukulandelwa kwe-asethi kunyaka olandelayo.Ngokusebenzisa i-LoRaWAN, izixhobo ze-iot ezinebhetri zinokwandisa ubomi babo benkonzo kwaye zigcine iindleko zokusebenza kunye nokugcinwa.

N2

I-IRNAS isebenzisana ne-Space Lacuna ukuhlola ukusetyenziswa okutsha kweteknoloji ye-LoRaWAN, kubandakanywa ukulandelela izilwanyana zasendle e-Antarctica kunye ne-buoys usebenzisa inethiwekhi ye-LoRaWAN ukuhambisa uthungelwano oluxineneyo lwezinzwa kwimo yaseLwandle ukuxhasa usetyenziso lwe-moring kunye ne-rafting.

I-Swarm (efunyenwe yi-Space X) idibanise izixhobo ze-LoRa ze-Semtech kwizisombululo zokudibanisa ukuze zenze unxibelelwano lweendlela ezimbini phakathi kweesathelayithi ze-orbit ye-Earth ephantsi.Kuvulwe iimeko ezintsha zokusetyenziswa kwe-Intanethi yeZinto (i-IoT) ye-Swarm kwiindawo ezinje ngezothutho, ezolimo, iimoto eziqhagamshelweyo kunye namandla.

I-Inmarsat ihlangene ne-Actility ukwenza inethiwekhi ye-Inmarsat LoRaWAN, iqonga elisekelwe kwi-network ye-backbone ye-Inmarsat ELERA eya kubonelela ngobutyebi bezisombululo kubathengi be-iot kumacandelo aquka ezolimo, amandla, i-oyile kunye negesi, imigodi kunye ne-logistics.

Ekugqibeleni

Kuyo yonke imarike yaphesheya, azikho kuphela izicelo ezininzi ezivuthiweyo zeprojekthi.I-Omnispace, i-EchoStarMobile, i-Lunark kunye nabanye abaninzi bazama ukusebenzisa inethiwekhi ye-LoRaWAN ukubonelela ngeenkonzo ze-iot ngexabiso eliphantsi, kunye nomthamo omkhulu kunye nokugubungela ngokubanzi.

Nangona itekhnoloji ye-LoRa ingasetyenziselwa ukugcwalisa izithuba kwiindawo ezisemaphandleni kunye nolwandle ezingenayo i-intanethi yendabuko, yindlela efanelekileyo yokujongana "ne-Intanethi yayo yonke into."

Nangona kunjalo, ngokwembono yemarike yasekhaya, uphuhliso lwe-LoRa kulo mba lusekwisiqalo.Xa kuthelekiswa naphesheya kolwandle, ijongene nobunzima obuninzi: kwicala lemfuno, i-inmarsat network coverage sele ilungile kakhulu kwaye idatha inokudluliselwa kumacala omabini, ngoko ayinamandla;Ngokwesicelo, i-China isanqongophele, ngakumbi igxile kwiiprojekthi zeekhonteyina.Ngenxa yezi zizathu zingasentla, kunzima kumashishini asekhaya asekhaya ukukhuthaza ukusetyenziswa kwe-LR-FHSS.Ngokumalunga nenkunzi, iiprojekthi zolu hlobo zixhomekeke kakhulu kwigalelo lenkunzi ngenxa yokungaqiniseki okukhulu, iiprojekthi ezinkulu okanye ezincinci kunye nemijikelo emide.

 


Ixesha lokuposa: Apr-18-2022
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